Land wildlife and vegetation in the Maldives are limited in terms of bio-diversity. However, this aspect is overshadowed by the abundant marine life to be found in the Maldives.
In June 2011 Baa Atoll of the Maldives was declared a UNESCO World Biosphere Reserve. The Maldives is home to over 2000 species of fish ranging from micro species to large whale sharks. Our marine-eco systems are extremely vibrant and fragile. In the year 1998 the world faces the unusual warming of the surface water (El Nino) Maldives was no exception. Most of the coral reefs faces the bleaching problems. According to an article published on the Guardian in the year 2016 more than 60% of coral reefs hit by "bleaching" as the world is gripped by record temperatures.
The Maldives enjoys a tropical climate and has two distinct season. "Iruvai monsoon /dry (Northeast Monsoon) from April to December,and Hulhangu monsoon / wet (Southwest Monsoon) from May to November. Dry season (Iruvai) is the period of regular sunshine with little or occasion showers. Its also known as the high season in Maldives. Which is good for scuba diving as the visibility is great.
The wet season (Hulhangu Monsoon) Maldives experience torrential rain showers and thunder storms. This season is good for surfing due to the swells and wave generation. If you are travelling during the wet season its always good to check the weather specially if you are divers as the visibility and the boat route may effect due the the weather condition. If you are coming to a resort you may not worry much as the wet season does offer sunshine similar to balmy days you would experience during the dry season. Maldives enjoy year long sunshine. The average temperature is 28 -33 degrees.
LOCATION and GEOGRAPHY The Maldives consist of 1190 coral island clustered in a chain of 26 atolls in the Indian Ocean. The atolls are scatted from north to south direction with the area covering 90,000 km2. However we only have 1% of this surface area consist of land. Maldives lies between latitudes 07° 06”S and 08° 00” N, and longitudes72° 32” and 73° 46”E.